Thursday, January 27, 2011

Nalgonda


ASSEMBLY CONSTITUENCIES
12
PARLIAMENTARY CONSTITUENCIES
2
MUNICIPALTIES
4
BANK BRANCHES
207
GOVT.ROADS
2133.58KM.
Z.P.ROADS
353.30 KM
RAILWAY LINE
173 KM
RAILWAY STATIONS
22
PRIMARY SCHOOLS
2797
UPPER PRIMARY SCHOOLS
625
HIGH SCHOOLS
677
JUNIOR COLLEGES
153
DEGREE COLLEGES
9
P.G.COLLEGES
3
ENGINEERING COLLEGES
15
MEDICAL COLLEGES
1
DENTAL COLLEGES
1
OTHERS
7
MANDALS
59
MAJOR CITIES
2
NO.OF VILLAGES
1155
NO.OF GRAM PANCHAYATS
1178
MUNICIPALITES
4


SMALL SCALE INDUSTEIS
10069
LARGE & MEDIUM SCALE INDUSTRIES
492
HOSPITALS
70
VETERNARY HOSPITALS
15
POST OFFICES
344


REVENUE DIVISIONS
4

1. NALGONDA

2. MIRYALAGUDA

3. BHONGIR

4. SURYAPET




RIVERS
1. KRISHNA
4. PEDDA VAGU
7. KANAGAL

2. MUSI
5. DINDI


3. ALAIR
6. HALIA

  


MAJOR CROPS
 1. PADDY
3. PULSES

2. MILLETS
4. OIL SEEDS


MAJOR MINERALS
1. LIME STONE

2. BLACK AND COLOUR GRANITES

    


MAJOR INDUSTEIS
1. SILK
4. JAGGERY

2. LEATHER
5. CEMENT FACTORY

3. COTTON

TOURIST PLACES
1. NAGARJUNASAGAR

2. WILD LIFE SANCTUARY

3. PUTTANGANDI (AMRP LIFT)

4. BHUVANAGIRI FORT

5. MATTAPALLY

6. KOLANUPAKA JAIN TEMPLE

7. YADAGIRIGUTTA

8. PANAGAL TEMPLES

9. WADAPALLY

10. MELLACHERVU

11. ADLUR (SARASWATI TEMPLE)

12. VENUGUPALA SWAMY TEMPLE (GOPULAIPALLY)

13. CHERVUGATTU (NARKETPALLY MANDAL)

14. JANAPAHAD DARGA (NEREDUCHERLA MANDAL)

    

DISTRICT BOUNDARIES
NORTH
MEDAK & WARANGAL DISTRICTS.

SOUTH
MAHABOOBNAGAR & GUNTUR DISTRICTS

EAST
KRISHNA & KHAMMAM DISTRICTS

WEST
RANGAREDDY & MAHABOOBNAGAR DISTRICTS
ASSEMBLY CONSTITUENCIES
SL.NO.
AC CODE
CONSTITUENCY NAME
1
86
DEVARAKONDA
2
87
NAGARJUNASAGAR
3
88
MIRYALAGUDA
4
89
HUZURNAGAR
5
90
KODAD
6
91
SURYAPET
7
92
NALGONDA
8
93
MUNUGODE
9
94
BHONGIR
10
95
NAKREKAL
11
96
THUNGATURTHY
12
97
ALAIR
  

SL.NO.
MP CODE
CONSTITUENCY NAME
1
13
NALGONDA
2
14
BHONGIR


  


MANDAL NAME

MANDAL NAME




1
B.RAMARAM
31
PENPAHAD
2
THURKAPALLY
32
VEMULAPALLY
3
RAJAPET
33
THIPPARTHY
4
YADAGIRIGUTTA
34
NALGONDA
5
ALAIR
35
MUNUGODE
6
GUNDALA
36
NARAYANPOOT
7
TIRUMALAGIRI
37
MARRIGUDA
8
THUNGATHURTHY
38
CHANDUR
9
NOOTHANKAL
39
KANAGAL
10
ATMAKUR (S)
40
NIDMANOOR
11
JAJIREDDIGUDA
41
TRIPURARAM
12
SALIGOWRARAM
42
MIRYALAGUDA
13
MOTHKUR
43
GARIDEPALLY
14
ATMAKUR (M)
44
CHILKUR
15
VALIGONDA
45
KODAD
16
BHONGIR
46
MELLACHERVU
17
BIBINGAR
47
HUZURNAGAR
18
POCHAMPALLY
48
MATTAMPALLY
19
COUTUPPAL
49
NEREDCHERLA
20
RAMANNAPET
50
DAMERCHERLA
21
CHITYAL
51
ANUMULA
22
NARKATPALLY
52
PEDDAVOORA
23
KATTANGUR
53
P.A.PALLY
24
NAKREKAL
54
GURRAMPODE
25
KETHEPALLY
55
NAMPALLY
26
SURYAPET
56
CHINTHAPALLY
27
CHIVEMLA
57
DEVARAKONDA
28
MOTHEY
58
GUNDLAPALLY
29
NADIGUDEM
59
CHANDAMPET
30
MUNAGALA



  
MUNICIPALITIES
           1. BHONGIR


2. MIRYALAGUDA


3. NALGONDA


4. SURYAPET



BEST SEASON
JULY TO MARCH
NORMAL RAINFALL
751.0 mm
AVERAGE RAINFALL
670.2 mm
FOREST AREA
85830 Hcts.
CULTIVATED LAND
1180250 Acres



NO.OF MEDIUM PROJECTS
6
NO.OF TANKS
4293
NO.OF FILTER POINTS
142821
NO.OF IRRIGATION WELLS
116007
LIFT IRRIGATION
26
MINOR
13
TOTAL GEOGRAPHICAL AREA
1422324


Nalgonda/Nallagonda(from Nalla-Konda) (Teluguనల్గొండ/నల్లగొండUrduنلگونڈاAbout this sound pronunciation  is a town and a municipality in Nalgonda district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Its name is derived from two Telugu words Nalla (black) and Konda (hills).[1] Nalgonda in the past is referred to as Nilagiri. During the period of Bahamani kingdom, it had been renamed as Nallagonda.[2] Later in Nizam rule, during the later kings rule the name has been transformed in to Nalgonda(for official uses). But in popular culture its called as Nallagonda only. Recently A.P. govt. has changed its name to Nalgonda for convenience(for official purpose).
But the popular name, Nallagonda(నల్లగొండ), with which it is referred to by one and all and finds the name frequently even in "Poetry of the famous Telangana Liberation Struggle", should be restored back in view of its history and popular usage.

Geography

Nalgonda is located at 15.05°N 78.27°E.[3] It has an average elevation of 421 meters (1381 ft). Nalgonda experiences a semiarid climate. Summer temperatures, during the months of March to May, are quite high with the temperature often crossing 40 degrees Celsius. The relative humidity during these months is also quite low although the dry monotony is broken occasionally by thunderstorms on the evenings of hot days. Lighting strikes and hails storms during these thunderstorms sometimes kill farmers and cause damage to crops, especially mangoes. Much of the rainfall though is concentrated in the summer months of June to August, transforming the brown and bleak landscape into lush green. Winters are pleasant with mild temperatures, crisp sunshine, clear blue skies and cool breeze.
Much of the soil is of red yellow type. Many areas have deep red soil (locally referred to as "erra mannu") derived from the decomposition of the granitic base rock. Riverine tracts have alluvial soil where rice paddy is grown. Due to the semiarid climate, poor soil and lack of adequate irrigation, dry land farming is widely prevalent. Horticulture is also practiced, there are a number of citrus and mango plantations.

Nalgonda Town

Nalgonda is one of the few district headquarters in AP which are not directly connected to National Highway. This might be a reason for Nalgonda not being a major business center in the District. Neighbouring towns like Miriyalaguda and Suryapeta enjoy more business than Nalgonda. Drought conditions in the district do not favour Nalgonda to develop economically. Despite of all the natural causes, Nalgonda has better internal road network and underwater drainage system (with work currently in progress for 50% of the town). Main source of drinking water is from Nagarjuna Sagar reservoir on the river Krishna.

Economy

Nalgonda district is major producer of Cement in Andhra Pradesh (AP) due to the availability of lime stone across the borders of Nalgonda district and neighboring Guntur district. the large number of Cement industries. Nalgonda has record number of legal and illegal chit fund companies which lend money at high interest rates. People from nearby villages and local residents approach these lenders to fulfill their urgent needs. Many families rely on salaries and income from small business. Due to the IT boom in India, Nalgonda too reaped fruits from it.
Poverty and unemployment is a major problem in the town as well as district. Measures taken by government bodies has thus far failed to create enough jobs in this area.In Nalgonda district town called Miryalaguda is famous for rice mills, most of the economy growing through rice business.

Education

As being district head quarter Nalgonda serves as a hub for primary and secondary education for surrounding villages . Nalgonda has many primary and upper primary schools which offer both Telugu and English as medium of instruction. Many schools operate with basic amenities and under qualified staff. Recent awareness in parents is forcing the school managements to improve their infrastructure.
Some schools in old city area like, Millat and Rahmat-e-Allam , do offer Urdu as medium of instruction for existing Muslim community.
Nalgonda district has Engineering and Medical colleges and vocational colleges.

Prominent streets and colonies

  • Venkateshwara Colony (Old and New) along with the extended neighbourhood named - Vidyut Colony is well developed colony with under-ground drainage system, Domestic Water Storage tanks and suply, in-colony temple and play ground. Lord Venkateshwara Temple in the colony attracts large number of devotees, particularly on the holy dusserah festival.
  • Clock tower is famous to be located in middle of the town.
  • Hyderabad road, Miryalguda road, Sagar road, Panagal road, Deverkonda road and RP road are some of the main roads.
  • Prakasham Bazar, Indira Road, SPT Market, Old Chowrasta are famous markets in the town.
  • Suryavamshi Colony, Neelagiri Colony, Asad Nagar, Rural Police Station, Samithi Office, Sagar 'X' Roads, Munugode 'X' Roads, Naveen ITI Centre.
  • Ramagiri, Shanti Nagar (Mushampally Road), Shivaji Nagar, Padmavathi Colony, Srinagar Colony, Meerbagh Colony, VT Colony, Raghavendra Nagar, Ganesh Nagar, Gandhi Nagar, RTC Colony, Gollaguda, Rahmat Nagar, BTS, Abbasiya colony, Sai colony are famous colonies in the town.
  • In Old city the famous streets are Manyamchalka, Chowrasta, Akkachalama, Islampura, Cement road, shear banglow,Panjesha, Jamemasjid, Shahvali Ullah, Feelkhana, Linewadi, Bakhtarbowli and Housing Board Colony.
  • Schools: Sri Sharada Vidya Mandir, Mamatha, Alpha, Geetha, Kakathiya, Krishnaveni, MVR, Vishnavi, St Joseph, St Alphance, Ss, Luconus Etc....

History

[edit]Paleolithic Age

During this period, people fashioned tools and weapons by chipping hard stones of convenient size and shape. This feature is testified by the findings of uni facial Paleolithic implements of the Sloan type at Yellowhammer.

[edit]Neolithic Age

Traces of Neolithic culture were found at Chota Yelupu, where sling stones and other objects of interest were unearthed. The existence of Megalithic culture was revealed by the discovery of innumerable burials at various places like Tipparti, Nakrekal, Nalgonda etc.

[edit]Mauryas and Satavahanas (230 BCE - 218 BCE)

The political history of the district commences with the Mauryas. Mauryas, during the reign of Ashoka the Great held their sway over this region. Later the region came under the overlordship of theSatavahanas who ruled between 230 BCE - 218 BCE. It was during this period the region established trade contacts with the Roman empire.

[edit]Ikshvakus (227 - 306)

The Ikshvakus attained control over the region and ruled with their capital Vijayapuri. During this period Sakas and tled in this region. Buddhism flourished during this period. Iksvaku's are one of the greatest Andhra dynasties ever ruled.

[edit]Pallavas and Vishnukundinis

After the Ikshvakus, Pallavas and Yadavas fought for supremacy over the region. Luck favoured the Vishnukundins in the form of Samudragupta's invasion of the South. Vishnukundins ruled from first quarter of the fifth century to the first decade of the seventh century. Later Kubja Vishnuvardhana ruled this territory with Vengi as his capital.

[edit]Rashtrakutas

A major portion of the district appears to have passed from the Chalukyas of Badami to the Rashtrakutas. Rashtrakutas fell in 973 and gave room to the Chalukyas of Kalyani. The sway of the Chalukyas continued until the end of the 12th century.

[edit]Medieval period

The district passed under the control of the Kakatiyas from the western Chalukyas. During Prataparudra's time the kingdom was annexed to the Tughluq empire in 1323. During Muhammad bin Tughluq's period, Musunuri chief Kapayanayaka ceded a part of Nalgonda to Ala-ud-din Hasan Bahman Shah. During Ahmad Shah I's period the region was annexed to Bahmani kingdom. Jalal Khan in 1455 declared himself king at Nalgonda, but it was a short-lived affair. The region was brought back to the Bahmani kingdom.

[edit]Qutubshahi

During the time of the Bahmani Sultan Shihabud-din Mahmun Sultan Quli was appointed as tarafdar of Telangana. From him the region was taken by his son Jamshid. Later the district remained under the control of Qutub Shahis until 1687.

[edit]Modern period: Mughals and Asaf Jahis

Nizam-ul-Mulk (Asaf Jah I) defeated Mubasiz Khan at Shaker Khere in Berar and ruled the Deccan in an autonomous capacity. This district, like the other districts of Telangana, passed under the Asaf Jahis and remained under them for a period of nearly two hundred and twenty five years. apple internet

[edit]Nalgonda's place in Telangana Rebellion history

It has a major role in the Telangana Rebellion. Much of the struggle revolves round Nallagonda and Warangal districts alone and later spread to other regions as well. Almost all the villages in the district were involved in this. the movement was led by Andhra Maha Sabha and Communists. Marshall Law was imposed in the Dist. in 1946. Many people were killed by Razakars or by feudal lords goons and Nizam's armies. Some 3000-5000 villages were liberated and self governing bodies were formed. Lands were distributed among the poor. Many feudal landlords " Jagirdaars " were killed or ripped of their properties. Battles raged between Communists and Razakars( and Nizam's armies ).Finally this ended with Indian Forces " Police Action " and Telangana along with Hyderabad state is merged in to Indian Union.
Many leaders like Bheemireddy Narasimha Reddy, Raavi Narayana Reddy, Mallu Swarajyam (woman revolutionary) and her husband, Arutla Ramachandra Reddy and his wife, Bandi Yadagiri, Suddala Hanumanthu, etc. played an important role in the movement.
The district's (peoples) part in the rebellion is even immortalized in the poetry of the Movement which were popular then. These were used as a means to enlighten the common people about the revolt and its leaders. one such poem by Bandi Yadagiri, who penned the famous song " బండెనుక బండి కట్టి… ".
'సుట్టుముట్టూ సూర్యపేటనట్టనడుమ నల్లగొండ నువ్వుండేది హైద్రబాదు దాని పక్క గోలుకొండ'.....jai telangana

[edit]Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[4] Nalgonda had a population of 110,651. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Nalgonda has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 72%. In Nalgonda, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

[edit]Transport


Lateef Sheb Darga, Nalgonda
Nalgonda is a major railway station on the Guntur-Secunderabad line. It falls under the Guntur division of South Central Railway. 10 pairs of express trains halt here which connect the town to HowrahChennaiThiruvananthapuramVishakapatnamTirupatiVijayawadaGunturTenaliRepalle-PalnaaduBhavnagarKakinada and Hyderabad.
And There is Local train Facility 2 times From Kachiguda(Secundrabad)<--->Nalgonda<--->Miryalguda National Highway 9 passes through Nalgonda dist from Hyderabad to Vijayawada via Choutuppal, Chityal, Narketpally, Nakarekal and Suryapet.

[edit]Fluoride problem

Excess fluoride has turned the ground water into a slow poison especially in rural areas of nalgonda dist. 885 villages and 600,000 people are affected and 10,000 people are totally crippled. Plans to bring clean water from the river Krishna are under way at a cost of 12 billion rupees.

[edit]Places of interest

  • Two Hills in the Town (due to which the name Nalgonda ) have got enormous potential to trekking adventures and also spiritually as a Dargah (Lateef Saheb dargah) is located over the hill. Every year Exhibition (Mela) locally called as 'Urus' takes place. One more hill Kapurala gutta is also present within the Town.
  • Two most prominent parks are located within the town namely Rajiv park and Municipal park.
  • Yadagiri Gutta: Yadagiri Gutta, which is the most devotional place in Nalgonda is located near Bhuvanagiri Town. It is close to Hyderabad, the capital city and the APSRTC runs many buses to the temple town from Mahatma Gandhi Bus Station. The temple draws huge crowds, especially during vacations and on weekends. This is the Place of worship of Lord Laxmi Narasimha Swami.

Nagarjunsagar dam
  • Nagarjuna Sagar: This is famous Dam in south India with 26 gates and a Hydroelectric plant. The place also hosts waterfalls called 'Ethipothala' and Gowthama Buddha Museum.
  • Bhuvanangiri Fort: Bhuvanangiri Fort was built by Tribhuvanamalla Vikramaditya VI on an isolated rock.The Bala Hisar or citadel on the top of the hill gives a bird's eye view of the neighbouring area. The fort is associated with the herioc queen Rudramadevi and her grandson Prataparudra's rule.
  • Mattapalli: One of the famous devotional places in A.P is also in Nalgonda dist.
  • Sri Jain Mandir, Kolanupaka: The Jain Shrine at Kolanupaka village, near Aler town is more than 2000 years old.This holy temple has three holy idols of Lord Adinath, Lord Neminath and ord Mahaveera and 21 other "Theerthankaras". It is very recently renovated by more than 150 artisans from Gujarat and Rajasthan.
  • Nandikonda: A small village on the banks of the Krishna River where several Buddhist structures like monasteries and pillared halls were unearthed and preserved in a museum of the Central Archeological Department.
  • Panagal/Panagallu: A village near Nalgonda. There are several ancient temples built under the reign of the Kakatiya, Reddy and Velama kings. There is an archeological museum which has several interesting artifacts.
  • Vaadapalli: This is famous for its bridge and also called 'Triveni sangamam'(Confluence) where three rivers Godavari, Krishna and Musi meet.
  • Nagulapahad ( Narayanagudem/Dubbagudem ): This village is about 18 km South of Suryapet, on banks of the Musi river, famous for its temples. There are two Ancient temples (Trilingeswara Aalayam (Shivalayam) and Veerabhadreswara Aalayam) in this village, founded by the "Reddy Rajas" in the Kakatiya's era...They got the amazing art and beautiful sculptures carved on the black stone....These two temples are similar to the Warangal's "Thousand pillar temple"...and Pillalamarri Temple. These templeas are famous for Every year SHIVARATHRI 'Jatara' too. TEMPLES VIDEOS [1] [2]

[edit]Trivia

  • Nalgonda dist. is famous for cement factories like Vishnu, Priya, Raasi etc. and Sudhakar polymer pipes.
  • Suryapeta, Miryalguda, Devarakonda, Bhuvanagiri, Mothkur & Thirumalagiri are famous Trading and Business centers in Nalgonda dist.
  • Nalgonda dist. has got highest number of engineering colleges apart from Ranga Reddy dist in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Pochampalli sarees which are famous in India are weaved from Nalgonda dist.
  • Tollywood actors Kantha Rao(kodada), Prabhakara Reddy(villain), Jaya Prakash (JP-Vilan), Venumadhav, Uttej and lyricist Sudhala Ashok Teja and noted film telugu film directors Shankar(Encounter,Jai Bolo Telangana, etc), Sagar Chandra(Ayyare movie) all these film industry personalities are from Nalgonda.
  • Transport facility is very good from Nalgonda to anywhere, both railway and Roadways. Nearest Airport is located in Hyderabad, is just 110 km away.

View from Udaya Sagaram Tank

[edit]Schools and colleges

[edit]Engineering colleges

  • Swami Ramananda Tirtha Institute of Science and Technology
  • Nalgonda Engineering College
  • Mona Engineerig College(Muslim minority college)
  • Ramananda Tirtha Engineering College

[edit]Degree colleges

  • Nagarjuna Government College (NG College)
  • Neelagiri Degree College
  • Nalanda Degree College (Near Clock Tower)
  • Ragavendra College
  • Kakatiya College
  • Nalgonda College
  • Saptapadhi College
  • Maitri Degree College
  • womens degree college
  • Apple internet

[edit]Junior colleges

  • APRJC @ Nagarjuna Sagar
  • Alpha Junior college
  • Triveni Junior College
  • Little Flower Junior College
  • Nagarjuna Junior College
  • Pragathi Junior College
  • SLNS Junior College
  • Gouthami Junior College
  • Saptha Padhi Juniour college
  • Govt Polytechnic College, Nalgonda
  • Pasunuri Group of Colleges
  • Vemana Degree College

[edit]Schools

  • St. Alphonsus High School: English and Telugu Medium from L.K.G to X class co-ed is located in an area of 20 acres (81,000 m2) in the DVK road. Established in 1964.
  • Mountain Top School :MLG Road, Nalgonda.
  • Golden High School (formerly known as Golden Public School): English and Telugu medium from L.K.G to X class. DVK Road, Nalgonda.
  • Sreevidyapeet School: CBSE, KG to X Located at Narketpally, run by the management of Kamineni Education Society.
  • Sreepathi Reddy's Ekalavkya Foundation school: 6th to 10th English medium, located at Shivaji Nagar, Nalgonda.
  • Loyola Public School: English Medium from L.K.G to VIII class co-ed is located at Ravindra Nagar beside gowthami college.
  • Vidya Vihar High School: English and Telugu medium from L.K.G to X class behind D.E.O. Office Nalgonda
  • Siddhartha High School: English Medium from L.K.G to X class co-ed is located beside NG College.
  • Alpha Public School: English and Telugu Medium from L.K.G to X class co-ed is located in center of Nalgonda.
  • Aurobindo Public School: CBSE | English Medium | L.K.G to X class co-ed.| Established 1987, Nalgonda.
  • Vidya Grammar High School: English and Telugu medium from L.K.G to X class co-ed|Established in 1985.
  • St Mary's High School: English Medium from L.K.G to X class co-ed|Established 1983.
  • Little Flower Vignana Mandir: English and Telugu Medium from L.K.G to X class for girls is located in the center of the town.
  • Viswa Deep Vidya Peeth: English and Telugu Medium from L.K.G to X class co-ed is located near Railway station.
  • MVR ConceptSchool:English medium school from LKG to SSC ,founded by MVR well known educationalist for IIT seat seekers.
  • Nethaji High School: Telugu Medium from 1st to X class; co-ed,located in shanti nagar near DVK Road.
  • Sri Sharada Vidya Mandir High School, savarker nagar, Nalgonda. L.K.G to 10th class E.M & T.M.
  • Sri Vidhyabharati High School, tunga thurthi.
  • Bandaru Public School, Vivekananda Nagar, Hyd Road, Nalgonda
  • Sri Saichand Chowdary High School
  • Sri Raghu Charan High School
  • Nalgonda Public School: CBSE - English Medium - L.K.G to X class co-ed, established in 1985.
  • Sri Laxman High School
  • Vignana Bharathi High School, Forrest Office Road, Nalgonda.

[edit]Prominent function halls

  • Bandaru Gardens, Hyd Road
  • Chinna Venkat Reddy Function Hall.
  • TTD Kalyana Mandapam, Shivaji Nagar, Nalgonda.
  • Venkateshwara Function hall. Tirumal Nagar (behind old Venkateshwara colony), Nalgonda.
  • Amrutha Gardens, Panagal road, Nalgonda
  • Sri Venkateshwara Function hall, behind Raghavendra colony, Nalgonda
  • Sri Sai Function Hall, Hyd Road, Nalgonda.
  • Krishnaveni Dasharada Gardens, DVK Road, Nalgonda
  • Royal function hall, Miryalaguda road (near collectorate), Nalgonda
  • Akhil Function Hall, Hyd Road, Nalgonda.
  • Nrs function hall, Narketpally & Addhanki bypass road, Marriguda bypass ringroad
  • Venkat Sai Gardens
  • Lakshmi Gardens, Marriguda stop.
  • Echuri Gardens, near Collectorate.
  • Hotel Vijay Durga.

[edit]Cinema theatres

  • Thirumala 70 MM A/C
  • Nataraj 70 MM A/C
  • PVN Cinemax 70 MM A/C
  • Sri Lakshmi & Bhaskar (under construction, multiplex)
  • venkateshwara 70 MM A/C









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