UPPER PRIMARY SCHOOLS
NO.OF GRAM PANCHAYATS
SMALL SCALE INDUSTEIS
LARGE & MEDIUM SCALE INDUSTRIES
4. PEDDA VAGU
4. OIL SEEDS
1. LIME STONE
2. BLACK AND COLOUR GRANITES
5. CEMENT FACTORY
2. WILD LIFE SANCTUARY
3. PUTTANGANDI (AMRP LIFT)
4. BHUVANAGIRI FORT
8. PANAGAL TEMPLES
11. ADLUR (
13. CHERVUGATTU (NARKETPALLY MANDAL)
14. JANAPAHAD DARGA (NEREDUCHERLA MANDAL)
MEDAK & WARANGAL DISTRICTS.
MAHABOOBNAGAR & GUNTUR DISTRICTS
KRISHNA & KHAMMAM DISTRICTS
RANGAREDDY & MAHABOOBNAGAR DISTRICTS
JULY TO MARCH
NO.OF MEDIUM PROJECTS
NO.OF FILTER POINTS
NO.OF IRRIGATION WELLS
TOTAL GEOGRAPHICAL AREA
Nalgonda/Nallagonda(from Nalla-Konda) (Telugu: నల్గొండ/నల్లగొండ, Urdu: نلگونڈا) pronunciation (help·info) is a town and a municipality in Nalgonda district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Its name is derived from two Telugu words Nalla (black) and Konda (hills). Nalgonda in the past is referred to as Nilagiri. During the period of Bahamani kingdom, it had been renamed as Nallagonda. Later in Nizam rule, during the later kings rule the name has been transformed in to Nalgonda(for official uses). But in popular culture its called as Nallagonda only. Recently A.P. govt. has changed its name to Nalgonda for convenience(for official purpose).
But the popular name, Nallagonda(నల్లగొండ), with which it is referred to by one and all and finds the name frequently even in "Poetry of the famous Telangana Liberation Struggle", should be restored back in view of its history and popular usage.
Nalgonda is located at . It has an average elevation of 421 meters (1381 ft). Nalgonda experiences a semiarid climate. Summer temperatures, during the months of March to May, are quite high with the temperature often crossing 40 degrees Celsius. The relative humidity during these months is also quite low although the dry monotony is broken occasionally by thunderstorms on the evenings of hot days. Lighting strikes and hails storms during these thunderstorms sometimes kill farmers and cause damage to crops, especially mangoes. Much of the rainfall though is concentrated in the summer months of June to August, transforming the brown and bleak landscape into lush green. Winters are pleasant with mild temperatures, crisp sunshine, clear blue skies and cool breeze.
Much of the soil is of red yellow type. Many areas have deep red soil (locally referred to as "erra mannu") derived from the decomposition of the granitic base rock. Riverine tracts have alluvial soil where rice paddy is grown. Due to the semiarid climate, poor soil and lack of adequate irrigation, dry land farming is widely prevalent. Horticulture is also practiced, there are a number of citrus and mango plantations.
Nalgonda is one of the few district headquarters in AP which are not directly connected to National Highway. This might be a reason for Nalgonda not being a major business center in the District. Neighbouring towns like Miriyalaguda and Suryapeta enjoy more business than Nalgonda. Drought conditions in the district do not favour Nalgonda to develop economically. Despite of all the natural causes, Nalgonda has better internal road network and underwater drainage system (with work currently in progress for 50% of the town). Main source of drinking water is from Nagarjuna Sagar reservoir on the river Krishna.
Nalgonda district is major producer of Cement in Andhra Pradesh (AP) due to the availability of lime stone across the borders of Nalgonda district and neighboring Guntur district. the large number of Cement industries. Nalgonda has record number of legal and illegal chit fund companies which lend money at high interest rates. People from nearby villages and local residents approach these lenders to fulfill their urgent needs. Many families rely on salaries and income from small business. Due to the IT boom in India, Nalgonda too reaped fruits from it.
Poverty and unemployment is a major problem in the town as well as district. Measures taken by government bodies has thus far failed to create enough jobs in this area.In Nalgonda district town called Miryalaguda is famous for rice mills, most of the economy growing through rice business.
As being district head quarter Nalgonda serves as a hub for primary and secondary education for surrounding villages . Nalgonda has many primary and upper primary schools which offer both Telugu and English as medium of instruction. Many schools operate with basic amenities and under qualified staff. Recent awareness in parents is forcing the school managements to improve their infrastructure.
Some schools in old city area like, Millat and Rahmat-e-Allam , do offer Urdu as medium of instruction for existing Muslim community.
Nalgonda district has Engineering and Medical colleges and vocational colleges.
Prominent streets and colonies
During this period, people fashioned tools and weapons by chipping hard stones of convenient size and shape. This feature is testified by the findings of uni facial Paleolithic implements of the Sloan type at Yellowhammer.
Traces of Neolithic culture were found at Chota Yelupu, where sling stones and other objects of interest were unearthed. The existence of Megalithic culture was revealed by the discovery of innumerable burials at various places like Tipparti, Nakrekal, Nalgonda etc.
Mauryas and Satavahanas (230 BCE - 218 BCE)
The political history of the district commences with the Mauryas. Mauryas, during the reign of Ashoka the Great held their sway over this region. Later the region came under the overlordship of theSatavahanas who ruled between 230 BCE - 218 BCE. It was during this period the region established trade contacts with the Roman empire.
Ikshvakus (227 - 306)
The Ikshvakus attained control over the region and ruled with their capital Vijayapuri. During this period Sakas and tled in this region. Buddhism flourished during this period. Iksvaku's are one of the greatest Andhra dynasties ever ruled.
Pallavas and Vishnukundinis
After the Ikshvakus, Pallavas and Yadavas fought for supremacy over the region. Luck favoured the Vishnukundins in the form of Samudragupta's invasion of the South. Vishnukundins ruled from first quarter of the fifth century to the first decade of the seventh century. Later Kubja Vishnuvardhana ruled this territory with Vengi as his capital.
A major portion of the district appears to have passed from the Chalukyas of Badami to the Rashtrakutas. Rashtrakutas fell in 973 and gave room to the Chalukyas of Kalyani. The sway of the Chalukyas continued until the end of the 12th century.
The district passed under the control of the Kakatiyas from the western Chalukyas. During Prataparudra's time the kingdom was annexed to the Tughluq empire in 1323. During Muhammad bin Tughluq's period, Musunuri chief Kapayanayaka ceded a part of Nalgonda to Ala-ud-din Hasan Bahman Shah. During Ahmad Shah I's period the region was annexed to Bahmani kingdom. Jalal Khan in 1455 declared himself king at Nalgonda, but it was a short-lived affair. The region was brought back to the Bahmani kingdom.
During the time of the Bahmani Sultan Shihabud-din Mahmun Sultan Quli was appointed as tarafdar of Telangana. From him the region was taken by his son Jamshid. Later the district remained under the control of Qutub Shahis until 1687.
Modern period: Mughals and Asaf Jahis
Nizam-ul-Mulk (Asaf Jah I) defeated Mubasiz Khan at Shaker Khere in Berar and ruled the Deccan in an autonomous capacity. This district, like the other districts of Telangana, passed under the Asaf Jahis and remained under them for a period of nearly two hundred and twenty five years. apple internet
Nalgonda's place in Telangana Rebellion history
It has a major role in the Telangana Rebellion. Much of the struggle revolves round Nallagonda and Warangal districts alone and later spread to other regions as well. Almost all the villages in the district were involved in this. the movement was led by Andhra Maha Sabha and Communists. Marshall Law was imposed in the Dist. in 1946. Many people were killed by Razakars or by feudal lords goons and Nizam's armies. Some 3000-5000 villages were liberated and self governing bodies were formed. Lands were distributed among the poor. Many feudal landlords " Jagirdaars " were killed or ripped of their properties. Battles raged between Communists and Razakars( and Nizam's armies ).Finally this ended with Indian Forces " Police Action " and Telangana along with Hyderabad state is merged in to Indian Union.
Many leaders like Bheemireddy Narasimha Reddy, Raavi Narayana Reddy, Mallu Swarajyam (woman revolutionary) and her husband, Arutla Ramachandra Reddy and his wife, Bandi Yadagiri, Suddala Hanumanthu, etc. played an important role in the movement.
The district's (peoples) part in the rebellion is even immortalized in the poetry of the Movement which were popular then. These were used as a means to enlighten the common people about the revolt and its leaders. one such poem by Bandi Yadagiri, who penned the famous song " బండెనుక బండి కట్టి… ".
'సుట్టుముట్టూ సూర్యపేట, నట్టనడుమ నల్లగొండ నువ్వుండేది హైద్రబాదు దాని పక్క గోలుకొండ'.....jai telangana
As of 2001 India census, Nalgonda had a population of 110,651. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Nalgonda has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 72%. In Nalgonda, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Nalgonda is a major railway station on the Guntur-Secunderabad line. It falls under the Guntur division of South Central Railway. 10 pairs of express trains halt here which connect the town to Howrah, Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram, Vishakapatnam, Tirupati, Vijayawada, Guntur, Tenali, Repalle-Palnaadu, Bhavnagar, Kakinada and Hyderabad.
And There is Local train Facility 2 times From Kachiguda(Secundrabad)<--->Nalgonda<--->Miryalguda National Highway 9 passes through Nalgonda dist from Hyderabad to Vijayawada via Choutuppal, Chityal, Narketpally, Nakarekal and Suryapet.
Excess fluoride has turned the ground water into a slow poison especially in rural areas of nalgonda dist. 885 villages and 600,000 people are affected and 10,000 people are totally crippled. Plans to bring clean water from the river Krishna are under way at a cost of 12 billion rupees.
Places of interest
Schools and colleges
Prominent function halls